Developed by: 

Sharon Bernecki DeJoy – Associate Professor, West Chester University of Pennsylvania 

Tatiyanna Mintz – Student/Intern, West Chester University of Pennsylvania 

Jasmine Kahentineshen Benedict – Executive Director, Onkwehon:we Midwives Collective 

Regina Willette – NYS Licensed Midwife, Self-Employed/Retired 

Aboriginal women in the U.S. & Canada have a higher risk of poor birth outcomes. It is common for them to experience racism, cultural insensitivity, medical paternalism, the hardships of rural geography & the effects of historical & current colonization. Although medical relocation for birth is meant to provide a safe delivery, it separates the mother from her family & social network, forcing her to experience one of her most important life events surrounded by unfamiliar languages, culture, people & food. This can result in increased maternal newborn complications, increased postpartum depression & decreased breast-feeding rates. Since there has been movement toward supporting the return of birth to First Nation communities for women at low risk of complications & providing training for aboriginal midwives to provide family health services to the community, this training module for community health workers in public/community health & MCH was collaboratively developed.